Doctor is an academic possession that originates from the Latin oath of the unaltered spelling and meaning. The account is at first an agentive noun of the Latin verb docere [d??ke?r?] ‘to teach’. It has been habituated to as an visionary label in Europe since the 13th century, when the earliest doctorates were awarded at the University of Bologna and the University of Paris.
Having turn established in European universities, this custom spread around the world. Contracted “Dr” or “Dr.”, it is habituated to as a designation for a woman who has obtained a doctorate (e.g., PhD). In assorted parts of the world it is also habituated to by medical practitioners, regardless of whether they convoke a doctoral-level degree.